Coronavirus, food supplies recommended to Germans

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As the coronavirus spreads across Europe, the German government is urging citizens to make sure they have adequate food supplies in their homes to deal with isolation and possible quarantine.

BKK recommendations in the event of a disaster

The recommendations released by the Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief (BKK) were established in 2016 to address emergencies that have already occurred-such as floods or heavy snowfall-that prevent people from going to the supermarket.

Designed for a 10-day isolation, more than enough to overcome weather emergencies, the supplies are now being dusted off to cope without panic with the spread of coronavirus and adjusted for the likelihood of having to stay indoors for the 15-day quarantine period.

How to organize emergency supplies

Recommended supplies should provide a diet of about 2,200 kcal per person per day. Therefore, to be multiplied by the number of household members. The German Ministry of Health has also published an online calculator that provides the list of expenses for a 10-day isolation.

Each person, to maintain nutritional well-being during isolation, should stock the following foods:

– Water and/or other beverages, 20 liters,

– Cereal products (e.g., bread, pasta, rice) and potatoes, 3.5 kg

dried fruit, 2.5 kg

– vegetables and fruits, 4 kg

– Dairy products and/or long-life vegetable drinks, 2.6 kg

– meat, fish and/or legumes, tofu, 1.5 kg

– oil and other fats, 300 g

– honey, sugar, sweets and jams, according to each person’s habits.

For vegetarians and vegans , the recommended supply is similar. Just replace meat and fish with tofu (but also tempeh, miso, seitan) and increase the supply of grains and legumes.

Anti-waste rules

The ministerial shopping list covers 48 products. Of course, they are not suitable always and for everyone. In addition to the problem of seasonality (cherries, for example), one must respect the tastes and eating habits of the household to avoid stockpiling resulting in waste. The Italian supply should certainly be supplemented with some cult foods, such as extra virgin olive oil, Parmesan cheese, wine and coffee.

As always, even in preparing a food supply suitable for home isolation, it is always good to observe the basic rule of logistics,
First In First Out
. And thus, organize the refrigerator and pantry by foregrounding products purchased earlier, that is, those with the earliest expiration date.

The foods most suitable for stockpiling

The foods to be favored, consistent with one’s habits, should meet some basic requirements and be as much as possible

durable, even without refrigeration. This is not the case with the current pandemic, but weather emergencies often cause power outages. Preserves should include fruits and vegetables to make up for any lack of fresh produce. Of the latter, favor those with longer shelf life, such as carrots, potatoes, onions, apples, pears and citrus fruits. Pasta, cookies, dried fruits and other long-lasting products should be stored carefully to avoid insect attack,

rewarding. Pasta, rice and legumes (potatoes, for Germans) are ideal foods for achieving satiety. For grains, the best result is achieved with whole grains, which are nutritionally preferable,

Balanced nutritional profiles. In addition to the recommendations of German institutions, it is useful to recall the nutritional recommendations and advice of Professor Luc Montagnier on how to strengthen the immune system. First and foremost, eliminate junk food, which unnecessarily fatigues the body and weighs it down, at a time when exercise is inevitably limited.

The do-it-yourself stock

Some foods indicated for a stockpile as they can be stored for a long time can also be prepared at home. The fruit can be dried or boiled, as well as used to make compotes and jams. Vegetables in turn can be cooked or fermented for extended consumption.

To supplement the reserve, it is good to calculate pet consumption (food and litter) and consumption for household hygiene (detergents, garbage bags) and personal hygiene (tampons, hair dye, razors). Not forgetting to make sure that the medication box is stocked with the medicines taken regularly and those useful when needed, antipyretics for example, but also gauze, disinfectants etc.

Marta Strinati

Professional journalist since January 1995, he has worked for newspapers (Il Messaggero, Paese Sera, La Stampa) and periodicals (NumeroUno, Il Salvagente). She is the author of journalistic surveys on food, she has published the book "Reading labels to know what we eat".